Module 1: Home inspection basics
- The attributes of a good home inspector – honesty, integrity and passion.
- The importance of technical knowledge, experience and the powers of observation
- Why language and computer skills are essential
- How to compile a good inspection report
Module 2: Property inspection role players
- The roles of the various people who have different responsibilities with regard to property inspections in South Africa
- Why the service of the professional home inspector is essential for home buyers
Module 3: The legal framework
- Deeds Office and title deeds.
- Surveyor General.
- National Building Regulations.
- Local authorities (municipalities)
- National Home Builders Registration Council (NHBRC)
- Consumer Protection Act.
Module 4: Role of the NHBRC
- The NHBRC manuals
- The NHBRC warranties
- The NHBRC classification of “cracks”
Module 5: Plans, dimensions and tolerances
- Why building plans are necessary and what plans consist of
- How to read a plan
- The concept of “minimum dimensions” for South African houses
- Why “tolerances” are allowed in the construction process
Module 6: Problem soils
- Problem soils.
- NHBRC site classification.
Module 7: The Foundations (sub-structure)
- Important terms
- Excavating foundations
- Compaction of fill
- Under-floor membranes
- Types of foundations
- Foundation problems
Module 8: Building with concrete
- What is concrete?
- Building with concrete.
- Common defects found in concrete.
- Typical problems which the home inspector may encounter with concrete work.
Module 9: Inspecting the grounds
- Ground water management.
- Grading the plot.
- Inspection issues in the garden.
- Retaining walls and drainage
Module 10: Masonry walls
- Masonry walls.
- Different types of walls
- Building in windows, doors and roof anchors
- Water penetration and exterior walls – making these walls watertight.
- Common defects which the inspector may find when inspecting masonry wall structures.
Module 11: Plastered walls
- Plaster sand.
- Plaster additives.
- Keying the surface.
- Applying plaster
- Common defects in plaster work.
Module 12: Paintwork
- Understanding the basics of good painting practice.
- How to diagnose the likely cause of paintwork problems.
Module 13: Inspecting the foundations & walls
- How to inspect the foundations and walls for settlement and other movement cracks.
- Inspecting for damp damage and diagnosing causes.
- Inspecting painted walls and drawing conclusions
Module 14: The roof structure (Part 1) – Roof shapes, pitch & anchoring
- The minimum requirements for a roof as prescribed by the NBR.
- Different pitched roof shapes and structures
- The importance and relevance of roof pitch
- Roof anchoring basics
Module 15: Roof structure (Part 2) – Roof timbers & fixing
- Factory built trusses and carpenter built roof structures
- Rules for grading and treating of roof timbers
- Bracing of roof trusses
- Fixing of roof timbers
Module 16: Pitched roof coverings
- The many different kinds of roof coverings used to clad roofs in South Africa
- Basic rules and guidelines for roof sheeting.
- Basic rules and guidelines for tiles, slates and shingles
- Basic rules and guidelines for thatch roofs
Module 17: Flashing & capping roofs
- Various types of flashing
- Various kinds of capping used along the ridges and verges (barges)
- Fascias and beam infill
Module 18: “Flat” and slab roofs & balconies
- The structure and issues relating to concrete slab roofs
- The structure and issues relating to timber board roofs
- The structure of semi-flat sheeted roofs
- Waterproofing of semi-flat roofs and balconies
Module 19: Roof drainage
- The types of gutters and down pipes available
- Problems associated with gutterless roofs
- Problems associated with box gutters
- Capacity of gutters and down pipes
Module 20: Inspecting the roof
- Ladder and roof safety guidelines
- What to inspect on a roof
- What to inspect inside a roof cavity
Module 21: Building with timber & fiber boards
- The basics of frame construction for houses
- The advantages of framed board houses
- Factors relating to designing and building a deck
Module 22: Ceilings & floors
- The different types of ceiling which a South African home inspector may encounter.
- Common problems with ceilings.
- The different types of floors which a South African home inspector may encounter.
- Common problems with floors
Module 23: Windows, doors, glazing & gates
- Window and door terminology and what to look out for when inspecting windows and doors.
- Glazing (glass) regulations and safety issues relating to homes.
- The importance of a fire door where a garage is joined to a dwelling unit.
- Garage doors – how to inspect these and safety issues
- Driveway gates – how to inspect these and safety issues.
Module 24: The electrical installation
- The home inspector’s limited but important role in checking electrical installations
- The basics of electrical installations
- What the home inspector should look out for in the different areas of the house and garden
Module 25: Plumbing: Pipes & drains
- How clean water is supplied to a house and how waste water is removed.
- Water supply pipes – features and problems
- The mechanics of a drain – air pressure, water seals and gradient.
- Inspection guidelines for plumbing and drains
Module 26: Sanitary ware & plumbing fittings
- How toilets work and the different types of toilet
- Different types of other sanitary ware – such as bidets, basins, baths, and showers.
- About taps and mixers
Module 27: Hot water heaters
- How electric hot water geysers work and should be installed
- How heat pumps work and should be installed
- How solar powered geysers work and should be installed
Module 28: Fireplaces, gas, under-floor heating, & air conditioning & heat pumps
- The inspection requirements of fireplaces.
- Rules regarding gas installations
- How under-floor heating works.
- Air conditioners and heat pumps for cooling and heating houses.
Module 29: Home insulation
- The new regulations regarding energy saving for South African houses
- The three different types of heat transfer which occur in houses
- Insulating ceilings and roofs
- Insulating walls
- Insulating floors
Module 30: Wood destroying insects & organisms
- The damage which can be caused to the wood in a structure by wood destroying organisms and insects.
- The need for a clearance certificate certifying that there are no active pests before the South African banks will grant a loan on a property being sold.
- The causes of wood rot.
- Termites and borer beetles
- Soil poisoning
Module 31: Inspecting the house interior
- The importance of a systematic approach when inspecting the interior of a house.
- What to look out for when inspecting the various components of the interior of a house.
Module 32: Swimming pools, spas, lapas & braais
- Regulations regarding enclosing pools for safety reasons
- How to inspect the various components of a swimming pool
- How to inspect a spa bath
- How to inspect lapas and braais
Module 33: The home inspection business
- The advantages and disadvantages of starting your own home inspection business, compared with joining an established business.
- The factors which should be considered when starting a business.
- Factors to consider when setting up a fee structure for inspections.
- The advantages and disadvantages of staying small or planning to grow into a big business.
Module 34: The inspection report
- The nature of a good home inspection report
- Guidelines for writing home inspection reports
- The tension which exists between informing the client and protecting the inspector
The student should be familiar with all of the content of the following:
- SAHITA: Modules 1-13; 14-20; 21-34.
- NHBRC Manuals – Parts 1-3